What Hours of Service Regulations Mean for Delivery Services
It’s as true for delivery service truck drivers as it is for anyone operating commercial motor vehicles: federal regulations dictate certain guidelines in the way operations are run. How do hours of service (HOS) rules affect companies in the delivery services industry like Best Transportation Services? What rules do companies in the delivery service industry need to be aware of? What will truly change? To help answer these questions, here’s a look at what the regulations mean for the delivery services industry, keeping in mind that on-duty and driving time must be managed on a daily/weekly basis:
- 11-Hour Driving Limit: After returning to work after 10 consecutive hours off duty, drivers may only drive up to a maximum of 11 hours.
- 14-Hour Limit: After returning to work after 10 consecutive hours off duty, drivers are not allowed to continue driving after the 14th consecutive hour. Even if a driver takes time off during those 14 hours, the rule still applies.
- 60/70 Hour On-Duty Limit: Drivers may not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in a set of 7/8 consecutive days. After one period ends, a driver may restart a set of 7/8 consecutive days only after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.
- 34–Hour Restart Limit: The 34-hour restart may only be used once a week, and it must include two periods between the hours of 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. during the driver’s home terminal time.
- Rest Breaks: Drivers must have off-duty rest periods of at least 30 minutes every 8 hours or less. They can only return to driving if they have been given the proper rest breaks — but HM 397.5 says that mandatory “in attendance” time may be included in the rest break as long as drivers are performing on other duties.
- Sleeper Berth Provision: When a driver uses the sleeper berth provision, he or she must take at least 8 hours in a row in the sleeper berth, as well as 2 additional hours either in the berth, off duty or a combination of the two.
It’s important to also remember that for local trucking and delivery service companies that use commercial motor vehicles (CMVs), following the prescribed regulations will likely cause delays and take up valuable capacity. Nonetheless, following the regulations is imperative — otherwise a driver will be in violation.